Copyright protects the expression of ideas in tangible forms, including works like novels or computer programmes. Read on to find out more about copyright.

Copyright Resources

Copyright Infopack
Copyright 101

1.   What is copyright?
2.   Who are the key players in Singapore's copyright system
3.   What content does copyright protect?
4.   How is copyright protection obtained?
5.   Who owns copyright?
6.   When does copyright expire?
7.   When is copyright infringed and what are the exceptions?
8.   What remedies are available for infringement?
9.   What do the copyright tribunals do?
10.  What are moral rights?

If you would like to learn more about the Copyright Act 2021, such as the default ownership of commissioned works, the new moral right to be identified as a creator, and a new educational exception, please see our Copyright Act 2021 factsheet.

Factsheets on Copyright Act 2021



Guide to the CMO Class Licensing Scheme
Collective Management Organisations (CMOs) are organisations appointed by rights owners to manage the use of their content, such as music, films and books. Find out more about the regulatory regime for CMOs, including the key aspects of the class licensing scheme administered by IPOS.

Download and read this CMO Guide. 
Other Resources
Non-fungible tokens (or more commonly known as NFTs) are typically unique tokens on a blockchain which link or point to any type of digital assets, such as images, films and music. Find out more about NFTs, the relationship between NFTs and Intellectual Property (IP), and what you should note when creating or owning an NFT.

Download and read this information note on IP and NFTs.
Network Service Providers

NSPs provide Internet access services and facilities for communication across networks, as well as for storage. As such, they are the repository and access point for a high volume of copyright works. Recognising the need to limit the liability of NSPs for infringement committed by their users, the Copyright Act provides NSPs with limited legal liability in copyright infringement suits, subject to the NSP meeting certain stipulated conditions. One of these conditions is that the NSP must designate a representative to receive any notice of infringement served by copyright owners.

Designated Representative

To enjoy the limited liability for the infringement of copyright content in the storage of materials or in linking users to materials made available on the Internet, an NSP must designate a representative to receive any notice of infringement served by copyright owners.

All designated representatives together with prescribed information thereof must be notified to IPOS and be listed in the PDF iconNSPeRegister and maintained by IPOS. To notify IPOS of the designated representative, the relevant NSP Form (under Forms & Fees under the Copyright Regulations 2021) has to be completed and submitted here. The administrative fee of $32 will apply.

You can expect to receive payment instructions via email within 3 working days after we receive your form submission.

For any queries relating to the submission of NSP form, you may contact us at and attention to NSP Secretariat or contact us at our Customer Enquiry Hotline (65) 6339 8616.

Copyright Owners

Infringement & Enforcement

Actions to take against copyright infringement

Copyright Resources

Access useful information and links on copyright

Copyright FAQs

Refer to commonly asked questions

Forms & Fees

View request forms and relevant fees

Copyright Tribunal

Forum for licensing disputes between collective management organisations and users