Apply for Plant Varieties Protection

Before you apply to register plant varities protection, please ensure that it is eligible for registration.

Does your plant variety meet the criteria for protection?

The new plant variety must meet the following criteria in order to enjoy protection:

  1. New – The variety has not been sold or disposed of, by or with the consent of the breeder:
    • Earlier than 1 year before the date of application in Singapore where the sale or disposal is made in Singapore; and
    • Where the sale or disposal is made outside of Singapore, earlier than 4 years before the date of application (6 years in the case of trees or vines)
  2. Distinct – The variety is clearly distinguishable from any other variety whose existence is a matter of common knowledge at the time of filing of the application. A variety that is of common knowledge does not have to be a protected variety.
  3. Uniform – The variety is sufficiently uniform in its relevant characteristics, subject to the variation that may be expected from the particular features of its propagation.
  4. Stable – The relevant characteristics of the variety remain unchanged after repeated propagation or, in the case of a particular cycle of propagation, at the end of each such cycle.
  5. Denomination – A denomination is the distinguishing name or identification for the plant variety. The breeder of the new variety has to propose a suitable denomination as its generic designation for approval. Some denominations are not acceptable, for example:
    • Denominations with numbers only
    • Misleading or confusing denominations
    • Denominations that are contrary to public policy or morality
    • Denominations confused with trade mark


If you wish to apply for plant varieties protection, you should do it at the earliest opportunity as the system in Singapore operates on a first-to-file basis (the first person to file an application will, in general, have priority over others for the same plant variety).

Singapore, is a member of the UPOV Convention, so if you have a corresponding application filed earlier in a UPOV Convention member country, you may claim priority from this first-filed application within 12 months from the date of the first filing. Similarly, if your application is first filed in Singapore, it can be used to claim priority in a corresponding application filed in a UPOV Convention member country, provided that the corresponding application is filed within 12 months from the date of the first-filed Singapore application.

To file your application, you must complete the application form and the technical questionnaire and submit these documents with your payment to IPOS. 

You may also refer to the Submission Guidelines below.

Filing in duplicate

When filing form PVP 3, the accompanying "Technical Questionnaire" and representations – these documents have to be filed in duplicate.


Filing photographs

  • The following images are required:
    1. Close-up picture of a single flower (attached to inflorescence; taken against a scale ruler)
    2. Close-up picture of a single inflorescence (attached to plant; taken against a scale ruler); 
    3. A picture of the whole plant (taken against a standard 30cm ruler); and 
    4. Any other picture(s) of the plant or part(s) of plant that will distinguish the variety from other varieties. 
  • The representative colour photographs of the variety must meet the following criteria:
    • The photographs (maximum of five representations) should measure at least 15cm x 10cm;
    • The size of the image or object in question should cover as much area of the photograph as possible;
    • Printed photographs should have a non-glossy, matt finish;
    • Instant photographs taken with a polaroid camera are not acceptable
    • Photographs should be taken against a dark or black background, in sufficient light to prevent or minimise distortion to the natural colour of the plant or part(s) of the plant;
    • Printed photographs are to be submitted in a water-proof envelope or bag; and
    • Photographs must be clearly labelled with the Applicant's name, Contact Number, Proposed Denomination of the new variety, and Date of Application.


PVP Application Process Flowchart

Protection for plant varieties is territorial in nature.

If you wish to obtain protection in countries other than Singapore, you will need to file separate applications in each of these countries as there is no international registration system for filing of an application for the grant of plant varieties protection.



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